21 November, 2013 § 3 Comments
As mentioned in an earlier post, we are running a special branch of Firefox that is made of the Nightly (
mozilla-central) trunk minus the Australis changes. This branch will be the source of our Aurora (
mozilla-aurora) builds in a few weeks.
As we were planning this work, we found that there weren’t many resources on the internet that described how to do what we wanted.
Basically, we have our trunk that will have a large and invasive feature being built on it. However, we also want to have a branch that doesn’t include this work.
To get started, we created a separate repository (
holly) that was cloned from
mozilla-central prior to the feature branch being merged in to
mozilla-central. When the feature branch was merged in to
mozilla-central, we merged over
holly again. At this point we ran a reverse diff of this merge (which only consisted of the feature branch changes). This reverse diff was then applied and committed to essentially back out all of the feature branch on this new
Getting started was the easy part. Of course, software is never finished and we needed to figure out how to handle future changes to the feature.
We kicked around many ideas as we were trying to figure out how we wanted to run the backout branch, and I feel that we have settled on a pretty simple route that so far has worked smoothly.
Each time that we want to merge from
holly we do the following:
hg pull -u
hg pull -u
hg pull /mozilla-central -r mozillaCentralChangeset
- if the set of changes between
hollytip and mozillaCentralChangeset include changes that need to be backed out:
- just to be clear that you need to be in the branch repo
hg up -r mozillaCentralChangeset
- to switch heads to the mozilla-central-based head
hg qbackout -r rev1+rev2+rev3
- from oldest to newest, where rev* are the revisions that need to be backed out)
hg qfin -a
hg up -r hollyTipChangeset
- to switch heads back to the holly-based head
hg commit -m "merge mozilla-central to holly"
qbackout is a Mercurial extension written by some Mozillians to make backing changesets out much easier. It uses Mercurial Queues and generates reverse diffs instead of creating a full backout branch like hg backout does. I highly recommend it.
I hope this post will help others who want to do something similar.
27 June, 2011 § 2 Comments
Today marks the start of my third week at Mozilla. I’d like to mark this occasion with some things that I have learned that are pertinent to developing for Firefox.
When I submitted my first patch to Mozilla, I added a reviewer by appending r=reviewer to my patch. While this may say what you mean, it doesn’t do what you mean.
To properly request a review, set
?in Bugzilla when you are adding an attachment. This will properly email the reviewer so they can become aware of the request.
make -s -C objdir
Running a clean build of Firefox can take about 25-30 minutes, while an incremental build can still take about 2 minutes. This is clearly not conducive to an iterative-style of coding.
To make builds faster, you only need to rebuild the parts that have changed. To do this, simply run
make -s -C objdir, where
objdiris the parent directory within the object directory of the code that you have changed. It may be necessary to also re-link if native code has changed.
This was the first XUL gotcha that I ran into. I bumped in to this as I was working on bug 598169 and trying to make a XUL:textbox styleable.
Many XUL elements use OS-dependent styling, and if you want to apply styles to them then you will have to turn off the default styling.
-moz-apperance: nonedoes just that.
hg qpush –move patch
Many of the developers at Mozilla use the
mqextension for Mercurial.
mqis a tool that allows you to keep all of your changesets in separate queues. This makes it easier to work on different patches in parallel.
Most work can be done with three of the
hg qpush, and
hg qpush patchwill push the current patch as well as all preceding patches on the tip, whereas
hg qpush --move patchallows a user to push just the single patch on the tip.
If you’re working on Windows, Firefox can take a while to build when using the standard
make -f client.mk. Fortunately, there exists a tool that makes your builds run a lot faster by taking advantage of the multiple cores on your system.
python -O "..\build\pymake\make.py" -s -j12will build Firefox with 12 concurrent compilations. I chose 12 because it is 1.5x the number of threads on my system. :dolske ran some benchmarks to find the optimal
-jsetting and advised me on the 1.5x multiplier.
You can learn more about pymake on the Mozilla development website.
5 July, 2009 § 1 Comment
The download link will stay the same since ClickOnce isn’t supported on Google Code. I may find myself adding in the setup executable to the download area within the Google Code project, but that executable will simply point at my metrolansing.com domain due to the aforementioned issue.
I’m using Mercurial for the version control system, and it is my first time working with a distributed version control system (DVCS). I’m looking forward to being able to work in branches and move complete features in to the trunk. From my first steps that I have taken, these DVCS systems seem to be the inverse of systems like Subversion. In Subversion, most work is done in the trunk, and then releases are either moved to a branch or tagged, whereas in Mercurial work is done in branches and then merged in to the trunk when considered complete.
Feel free to peruse the code and lend me any suggestions you may have. I am actively looking for contributors, so if you would like to get involved in some WPF and C# then you may have just found the project you were looking for.